It is said that temperature of a body is the average of the kinetic energies of all the molecules in the body. But then, why do we consider temperature a different physical quantity altogether as [K] and not a derivative of the initially proposed 3 fundamental quantities, length [L], mass[M], and time [T] as with the same dimensional formula as energy? What is the reason behind such a consideration?
James Avery Sauls (Northwestern University), Chandra M. Varma (University of California, Riverside) and Steven Allan Kivelson (Stanford University)
Citation: For their work on unconventional superconductivity: to James Avery Sauls and Chandra M. Varma for their works on the identification of the pairing symmetry, pairing mechanism, and multiple superconducting phases in heavy-fermion superconductors , and to Steven Allan Kivelson for his works on the role of phase fluctuations and on the interplay between unconventional superconductivity and electronic inhomogeneity.
The John Bardeen Prize was established in 1991 by the organizers of the International Conference on the Materials and Mechanisms of Superconductivity (M2S) in honor of Dr. John Bardeen for theoretical work that has provided significant insights on the nature of superconductivity and has led to verifiable predictions. The award is sponsored by the Department of Physics of the University of Illinois and by the Friends of Bardeen.
The Bardeen Prize is given every three years at the M2S Conference.
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