It is said that temperature of a body is the average of the kinetic energies of all the molecules in the body. But then, why do we consider temperature a different physical quantity altogether as [K] and not a derivative of the initially proposed 3 fundamental quantities, length [L], mass[M], and time [T] as with the same dimensional formula as energy? What is the reason behind such a consideration?
Ithaca, NY, USA
“for his contributions to the statics, dynamics and kinetics of Josephson junctions and nanowires.”
James Avery Sauls, Chandra M. Varma, and Steven Allan Kivelson (2012)
Washington, DC, USA
"For their work on unconventional superconductivity: to James Avery Sauls and Chandra M. Varma for their works on the identification of the pairing symmetry, pairing mechanism, and multiple superconducting phases in heavy-fermion superconductors , and to Steven Allan Kivelson for his works on the role of phase fluctuations and on the interplay between unconventional superconductivity and electronic inhomogeneity"
David Pines (2009)
"for phonon-mediated pairing of electrons in conventional superconductors and superfluidity in nuclear matter"
Alexander Andreev, Kazumi Maki, Doug Scalapino (2006)
"for their work on quasiparticles in superconductors: to A. Andreev for the prediction of Andreev scattering, to K. Maki for his work on gapless quasiparticle excitations due to pair-breaking and for elucidating the role of fluctuations and to D. Scalapino for his contributions to life time effects of quasiparticles and how strong correlations affect their properties"
Anatoly Larkin, David Nelson, Valerii Vinokur (2003)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
"for their contributions to the theory of vortex matter"
T. Maurice Rice (2000)
Houston, TX, USA
"for the physical insight he brought to the understanding of the superconducting state in strongly correlated materials in general, and for the prediction of unconventional pairing in Sr2RuO4 in particular"
Philip Anderson (1997)
"for his contributions to the understanding of broken symmetry, the order parameter in the A and B phases of superfluid helium three and the role of impurities in metallic superconductors"
Anthony J. Leggett, G. M. Eliashberg (1994)
"for the development of the pairing theory to account for the thermodynamic and dynamic properties of strong coupling superconductors"
Vitaly L. Ginzburg, Alexei A. Abrikosov,Lev P. Gor'kov (1991)
The John Bardeen prize was awarded to a group of theoreticians who, in cooperation, developed the GLAG theory which has proved the most useful tool to investigate superconductivity phenomenologically and, further, has also been playing a vital role in the studies of the high temperature superconductors.
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