Carbon dioxide absorbs infrared light, as I understand it. Does that mean that carbon dioxide also retains more heat? Because it absorbs more energy? [non visible light which I guess is still energy}. What other gases absorb infrared. Is there a homemade tool that would allow me to see which gases absorb infrared? Where does infrared energy go?

Professor Smitha Vishveshwara received her bachelor's degree in physics *magna cum laude* from Cornell University in 1996, and was supervised in undergraduate research by Carl Franck and David Mermin. She completed her Ph.D in theoretical physics from the University of California, Santa Barbara, in 2002 under the guidance of Matthew Fisher. Her graduate research includes the studies of localization physics in superconductors, Luttinger liquids, and quantum entanglement in carbon nanotubes. She served as a postdoctoral research associate with Paul Goldbart and Tony Leggett from 2002 to 2005, working on tunneling and fractional statistics in quantum Hall systems, Aharonov-Bohm effects in carbon nanotubes, entanglement in spin chairs and critical dynamics in charged superconductors. She joined the department as an assistant professor in August 2005.

Vishveshwara's research interests span a broad range of topics in condensed matter physics, and in particular, in strongly correlated states of matter at scales where quantum phenomena prevail. She maintains strong collaborative ties with experimentalists with regards to research involving cold atomic systems, carbon nanotubes, superconducting proximity effects and topologically ordered states of matter. Some of her research thrusts are as follows:

**Co-existence of quantum phases in optical lattices**

Interacting bosons confined to a pure lattice can exhibit either Mott insulating behavior, where constituent particles are pinned to lattice sites, or superfluid order, where particles are delocalized over sites. Under certain conditions, trapped bosons in optical lattices can display co-existence of the two phases. Vishveshwara has worked towards understanding various aspects of such a system. She has mapped the spatial profile of the co-existent phases, studied their signatures in spectroscopic and time-of-flight measurements, characterized the excitation spectrum of the system and explored Josephson physics between two superfluids mediated by a Mott insulator.

**Anyons in two-dimensional systems**

A spectacular feature of two-dimensional interacting systems is the potential existence of ‘topological order’ and associated quantum particles, namely anyons, which possess ‘fractional statistics’ interpolating between the statistics of the well-known fermions and bosons. Vishveshwara has performed extensive studies towards characterizing and detecting Abelian anyons in the fractional quantum Hall (FQH) system. These studies include predictions for statistically dependent partitioning of anyonic current in FQH edge-states, descriptions of two-particle correlators in the FQH bulk and proposals for creating anyonic beam-splitters akin to those that employ photons in other systems . More recently, Vishveshwara has turned to non-Abelian anyons. In light of recent experiments in superconducting strontium ruthenate, she has proposed an interferometry experiment to detect Majorana fermions predicted to exist in such superconductors. She has also studied quench dynamics in a lattice system that exhibits topological order.

*Quantum phenomena in one-dimensional systems*

Systems that are effectively confined to one dimension, such as carbon nanotubes, etched quantum wires, and mesoscopic rings, demonstrate striking collective phenemona that baffle and contradict the intuition obtained from three-dimensional electronic systems. Vishveshwara has investigated various aspects of such systems induced superconductivity in nanotubes and a related double-gap feature, application of fields on nanotubes as a means of accessing a valley degree of freedom, nanotube quantum dots and charge fractionalization in etched rings.

- NSF American Competitiveness and Innovation Fellow (2010)
- Center for Advanced Studies Beckman Fellow (2009-2010)
- National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER Award (2007)

**Spring 2012:**PHYS 213**Spring 2011:**PHYS 598**Spring 2008:**PHYS 487**Fall 2007:**PHYS 486

- G. Kells, D. Sen, J.K. Slingerland, S. Vishveshwara, Topological blocking in quantum quench dynamics, Physical Review B, 89: 23, 235130 (2014)
- W. DeGottardi, S. Lal, S. Vishveshwara, Charge Fractionalization in a Mesoscopic Ring, Physical Review Letters, 110: 2, 026402 (2013)
- Sun Kuei, N. Shah, S. Vishveshwara, Transport in multiterminal superconductor/ferromagnet junctions having spin-dependent interfaces, Physical Review B, 87: 5, 054509 (2013)
- W. DeGottardi, M. Thakurathi, S. Vishveshwara, D. Sen, Majorana fermions in superconducting wires: effects of long-range hopping, broken time-reversal symmetry, and potential landscapes, Physical Review B, 88: 16, 165111 (2013)
- W. DeGottardi, D. Sen and S. Vishveshwara. Majorana Fermions in Superconducting 1D Systems having Periodic, Quasiperiodic and Disordered Potentials. Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 146404 (2013)
- Meng, QL; Shivamoggi, V; Hughes, TL; Gilbert, MJ; Vishveshwara, S. Fractional spin Josephson effect and electrically controlled magnetization in quantum spin Hall edges. Phys. Rev. B, 86,165110 OCT 9 2012.
- M. Colci, K. Sun, N. Shah, S. Vishveshwara, and D. J. Van Harlingen. Anomalous polarization-dependent transport in nanoscale double-barrier superconductor/ferromagnet/superconductor junctions. Phys. Rev. B 85, 180512 (2012).
- M. Thakurathi, W. DeGottardi, D. Sen, and S. Vishveshwara. Quenching across quantum critical points in periodic systems: Dependence of scaling laws on periodicity. Phys. Rev. B 85, 165425 (2012).
- S. Vishveshwara. A glimpse of quantum phenomena in optical lattices. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Aâ€šÂ 370,Â 2916-2929 (2012).
- K. Sun, N. Shah and S. Vishveshwara. Transport in multiterminal superconductor/ferromagnet junctions having spin-dependent interfaces. Phys. Rev. B 87, 054509 (2012) Editor's Choice
- W. DeGottardi, S. Lal and S. Vishveshwara. Charge Fractionalization in a Mesoscopic Ring. Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 026402 (2012)
- Q. Meng, S. Vishveshwara and T. L. Hughes. Topological Insulator Magnetic Tunnel Junctions: Quantum Hall Effect and Fractional Charge via Folding. Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 176803 (2012)
- Q. Meng, T. L. Hughes, M. J. Gilbert and S. Vishveshwara. Gate controlled Spin-Density Wave and Chiral FFLO Superconducting phases in interacting Quantum Spin Hall edge states, Phys. Rev. B 86, 165110 (2012)
- E. Grosfeld, B. Seradjeh, and S. Vishveshwara. Proposed Aharonov-Casher interference measurement of non-Abelian vortices in chiral
*p*-wave superconductors. Phys. Rev. B 83, 104513 (2011). - S. Vishveshwara. Topological qubit:s A bit of both. Nature Physics 7:6, 450-451 (2011).
- Tzu-Chieh, Wei, S. Vishveshwara, and P. Goldbart. Global geometric entanglement in transverse-field XY spin chains: finite and infinite systems. Qtm. Inf. Comp. 11, 0326 (2011).
- W. DeGottardi, D. Sen, and S. Vishveshwara. Topological phases, Majorana modes and quench dynamics in a spin ladder system. New J. Phys. 13, 065028 (2011).
- K. Sun, J. S. Meyer, D. E. Sheehy, and S. Vishveshwara. Oscillatory pairing of fermions in spin-split traps. Phys. Rev. A 83, 033608 (2011).
- E. Grosfeld, B. Seradjeh, and S. Vishveshwara. Proposed Aharonov-Casher interference measurement of non-Abelian vortices in chiral
*p*-wave superconductors. Phys. Rev. B 83, 104513 (2011).

**Office**

2109 Engineering Sciences Building

**Phone**

217.333.4370

**Fax**

217.333.9819

**Email**

smivish@illinois.edu

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