If i create a vaccum inside a cocacola can, seal it, and keep it in a tub of hot water, what would be the temperature inside the can?(the vaccum space)

The William L. McMillan Award was established by his friends and colleagues to recognize outstanding contributions by a young condensed matter physicist. One of the most creative and distinguished members of our department from 1972 until his untimely death in 1984, Professor McMillan was noted for his basic and unique contributions to many areas of condensed matter physics, including liquid helium, superconductivity, liquid crystals, layer compounds, spin glasses, and localization phenomena. In many of these areas, he made novel applications of computer techniques to obtain increased physical understanding of complex many-body systems.

**Riccardo Comin, 2015**

Sargent Group, Electrical and Computer Engineering

University of Toronto

*"for ground-breaking studies of the ubiquitous interplay between charge order and high temperature superconductivity in cuprate superconductors by resonant x-ray scattering."*

**Max Metlitski, 2014**

University of California, Santa Barbara

Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics

*"for contributions to the theory of quantum criticality in metals and to the understanding of topological phases in the presence of interactions."*

**Tyrel McQueen, 2013**

John Hopkins

*"for innovative advances in materials design and characterization in the fields of frustrated magnetism and iron based superconductivity."*

**David Hsieh, 2012**

California Institute of Technology

Institute for Quantum Information and Matter

*"for studies of topological insulators and their surface states using angle-resolved
photoemission spectroscopy and measurements of the helical spin texture of these novel electronic states."*

**David Schuster, 2011**

University of Chicago

James Franck Institute

*"for pioneering contributions to the new field of "circuit quantum electrodynamics," particularly experiments coupling
microwaves to spin ensembles and the superconducting qubits"*

**Liang Fu, 2010 (shared)**

Harvard University

*"for the prediction of three-dimensional topological insulators"*

**Rahul Roy, 2010 (shared)**

Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics

*"for the prediction of three-dimensional topological insulators"*

**Abhay Narayan Pasupathy, 2009**

Columbia University

*"for his contributions to single-molecule transport spectroscopy and for the development of precise variable temperature scanning tunneling microscopy to reveal the connection between local values of the gap and their onset temperatures in high temperature superconductors"*

**Andrei Bernevig, 2008**

Princeton Center for Theoretical Science

*"for his insightful contributions to the theory of the quantum spin Hall effect, and for the prediction of the realization of this new state of matter in HgTe quantum wells, subsequently confirmed by recent experiments"*

**Jason Petta, 2007
**Princeton University

**Yayu Wang, 2006**

University of California, Berkeley

*"for his ground-breaking Nernst effect and magnetization torque experiments, which have established the existence of large vortex fluctuations throughout much of the pseudogap regime of the high-temperature superconductor LaSrCuO well above its critical temperature"*

**Peter Armitage, 2005**

Johns Hopkins University and

University of Geneva, Switzerland

*"for his crucial contributions to the field of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy studies of electron-doped superconductors"*

**Markus Greiner, 2004**

JILA, University of Colorado

*"for observing a tunable quantum phase transition between a superfluid and a localized state of ultracold atoms in an optical lattice"*

**Alessandra Lanzara, 2003**

University of California, Berkeley

*"for her discovery of a universal energy scale in the nodal quasi-particle spectrum of the cuprate superconductors"*

**David Goldhaber-Gordon, 2002**

Stanford University

*"for the first experimental observation of the many-body physics associated with the Kondo resonance in a nanoscale device"*

**Jay Kikkawa, 2001**

University of Pennsylvania

*"for the development of new optical resonance schemes to explore the physics of interacting electronic spin systems and to manipulate spin information in the solid state"*

**Igor L. Aleiner, 2000**

State University of New York

*"for his broad-ranging and significant contributions to the theory of quantum transport in low-dimensional and mesoscopic systems"*

**Kathryn A. Moler, 1999**

Stanford University

*"for her fundamental studies of the superconducting pairing state, Josephson vortices, and the role of interlayer coupling in high temperature superconductors"*

**Amir Yacoby, 1998**

The Weizmann Institute of Science

*"for ground-breaking experiments in quantum transport in low-dimensional systems"*

**Daniel C. Ralph, 1997**

Cornell University

*"for fundamental contributions to the development and application of experimental techniques for studying nanoscale structures, most notably his measurements of the discrete spectra of electronic states in nanoscale aluminum particles"*

**Shivaji L. Sondhi, 1996**

Princeton University

*"for fundamental theoretical contributions to the understanding of the behavior of strongly interacting electrons, including quantum magnetism, quantum phase transitions, and the physics of the quantum Hall effect"*

**Sean E. Barrett, 1995**

Yale University

*"for the development of a novel optical pumping technique that made possible the direct detection of the nuclear spins in semiconductor quantum wells"*

**Raymond C. Ashoori, 1994**

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

*"for high-precision capacitance measurements, one electron at a time, of small quantum dots"*

**Hong Wen Jiang, 1993**

University of California at Los Angeles

*"for ground-breaking experiments on the interactions between electrons and magnetic fields in various quantum Hall systems and electron localization phenomena"*

**R. Eric Betzig, 1992**

AT&T Bell Laboratories

*"for his significant contributions to the development of near-field optical microscopy, especially for dramatic improvements in resolution and performance"*

**Bart J. van Wees, 1991**

Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands

*"for pioneering theoretical and experimental work on many areas of quantum transport in mesoscopic systems"*

**Matthew P.A. Fisher, 1990**

IBM, Thomas J. Watson Research Center

*"for his innovative work on the superconductor-insulator transition, the votex glass phase in high-temperature superconductors, and macroscopic quantum phenomena"*

**Peter L. Gammel, 1989**

AT&T Bell Laboratories

*"for his seminal studies of superfluid ^{3}He and of magnetic structure in both heavy fermion and high-temperature superconductors"*

**Veit Elser, 1988**

AT&T Bell Laboratories and Cornell University

*"for his seminal contributions to the field of quasicrystals and for his studies of quantum fluids and quantum spin systems"*

**A. Douglas Stone, 1987**

Yale University

*"for pioneering work on transport and localization phenomena in disordered and very small systems"*

**Thomas F. Rosenbaum, 1986**

James Franck Institute, University of Chicago

*"for the discovery of three-dimensional Wigner crystallization in HgCdTe at high magnetic fields"*

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