Jorge Leite Noronha, Jr

Associate Professor


Jorge Leite Noronha, Jr

Primary Research Area

  • Nuclear Physics
437B Loomis Laboratory


Professor Jorge Noronha received his bachelors degree in Physics from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil, in 2003. After completing his M.Sc. in 2004 at the Brazilian Center for Physical Research (CBPF), he went on to obtain his Ph.D. in Physics from the Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany, in 2007. His Ph.D. thesis helped determine the properties of the ultradense matter present in the core of neutron stars in the presence of strong magnetic fields. Jorge was a postdoctoral research scientist at Columbia University in New York from 2008-2011 where he focused on the applications of string theory techniques (holographic correspondence) to investigate the dynamical properties of the quark-gluon plasma formed in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions. From 2011-2019 Jorge was a faculty member at the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil, where he developed novel techniques to describe out-of-equilibrium phenomena in relativistic systems under extreme conditions. Jorge joined the Physics Department at UIUC in August 2019.

Research Interests

  • Holographic duality and its applications in strongly coupled gauge theories.
  • Relativistic fluid dynamics and kinetic theory.
  • Quantum chromodynamics at finite temperature and density and applications in heavy-ion collisions and neutron star mergers.

Research Statement

My research establishes connections between string theory, relativistic fluid dynamics, and kinetic theory to tackle outstanding problems in high energy nuclear theory that are beyond the reach of current first principles techniques. A prime example of this is the fluid-like behavior displayed by the quark-gluon plasma, an exotic phase of quantum chromodynamics that existed microseconds after the Big Bang in which quarks and gluons were not confined inside protons and neutrons. Tiny specks of this early Universe matter are now being copiously produced in heavy ion collision experiments, which have provided overwhelming evidence that the quark-gluon plasma flows like a nearly frictionless strongly coupled liquid over distance scales not much larger than the size of a proton. This makes the quark-gluon plasma formed in colliders the hottest, smallest, densest, most perfect fluid known to humanity. How such fluid dynamical behavior emerges from the fundamental interactions between quarks and gluons in quantum chromodynamics is one of the open problems that I want to shed light on through my research. I'm also interested in the novel properties displayed by viscous fluids in general relativity and their applications in neutron star mergers and cosmology.


  • Affiliated Member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (2015)
  • Gernot and Frank Carin Prize (2008)
  • Best Undergraduate Teacher (Professor Homenageado do Curso de Bacharelado) at the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. (2015)

Selected Articles in Journals

  • J. Noronha and I. A. Shovkovy, Color-flavor locked superconductor in a magnetic field, Phys. Rev. D 76, 105030 (2007).
  • 69. J. Noronha, M. Gyulassy and G. Torrieri, Di-Jet Conical Correlations Associated with Heavy Quark Jets in anti-de Sitter Space/Conformal Field Theory Correspondence, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 102301 (2009).
  • 67. J. Noronha-Hostler, J. Noronha and C. Greiner, Transport Coefficients of Hadronic Matter near Tc, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 172302 (2009).
  • 64. J. Noronha and A. Dumitru, Thermal Width of the Upsilon Large t'Hooft Coupling, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 152304 (2009).
  • 59. B. Betz, J. Noronha, G. Torrieri, M. Gyulassy, D. H. Rischke, Universal Flow- Driven Conical Emission in Ultrarelativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 222301 (2010).
  • 57. G. S. Denicol, J. Noronha, H. Niemi, D. H. Rischke, Origin of the Relaxation Time in Dissipative Fluid Dynamics, Phys. Rev. D 83, 074019 (2011).
  • J. Noronha-Hostler, G. S. Denicol, J. Noronha, R. P. G. Andrade and F. Grassi, Bulk Viscosity Effects in Event-by-Event Relativistic Hydrodynamics, Phys. Rev. C 88, 044916 (2013).
  • G. S. Denicol, U. W. Heinz, M. Martinez, J. Noronha and M. Strickland, New Exact Solution of the Relativistic Boltzmann Equation and its Hydrodynamic Limit, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, no. 20, 202301 (2014).
  • H. Marrochio, J. Noronha, G. S. Denicol, M. Luzum, S. Jeon and C. Gale, Solutions of Conformal Israel-Stewart Relativistic Viscous Fluid Dynamics, Phys. Rev. C 91, no. 1, 014903 (2015).
  • S. I. Finazzo, R. Rougemont, H. Marrochio and J. Noronha, Hydrodynamic transport coefficients for the non-conformal quark-gluon plasma from holography, JHEP 1502, 051 (2015).
  • R. Rougemont, J. Noronha, and J. Noronha-Hostler, Suppression of baryon diffusion and transport in a baryon rich strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 202301 (2015).
  • D. Bazow, G. S. Denicol, U. Heinz, M. Martinez and J. Noronha, Analytic solution of the Boltzmann equation in an expanding system, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 022301 (2016).
  • 27. R. Rougemont, A. Ficnar, S. Finazzo and J. Noronha, Energy loss, equilibration, and thermodynamics of a baryon rich strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma, JHEP 1604, 102 (2016).
  • 24. J. Noronha-Hostler, B. Betz, J. Noronha and M. Gyulassy, Event-by-event hy- drodynamics + jet energy loss: A solution to the RAA vs. v2 puzzle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, no. 25, 252301 (2016).
  • A. Buchel, M. P. Heller and J. Noronha, Entropy Production, Hydrodynamics, and Resurgence in the Primordial Quark-Gluon Plasma from Holography, Phys. Rev. D 94, no. 10, 106011 (2016).
  • 22. S. I. Finazzo, R. Critelli, R. Rougemont and J. Noronha, Momentum transport in strongly coupled anisotropic plasmas in the presence of strong magnetic fields, Phys. Rev. D 94, no. 5, 054020 (2016).
  • 20. D. Bazow, G. S. Denicol, U. Heinz, M. Martinez and J. Noronha, Nonlinear dynamics from the relativistic Boltzmann equation in the Friedmann- Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker spacetime, Phys. Rev. D 94, no. 12, 125006 (2016).
  • R. Critelli, J. Noronha, J. Noronha-Hostler, I. Portillo, C. Ratti and R. Rougemont, Critical point in the phase diagram of primordial quark-gluon matter from black hole physics, Phys. Rev. D 96 (2017) no.9, 096026.
  • M. Strickland, J. Noronha and G. Denicol, The anisotropic non-equilibrium hydrodynamic attractor, Phys. Rev. D. 97 (2018) no.3, 036020.
  • G. Denicol and J. Noronha Analytical attractor and the divergence of the slow-roll expansion in relativistic hydrodynamics, Phys. Rev. D 97, no. 5, 056021 (2018).
  • F. S. Bemfica, M. M. Disconzi and J. Noronha, Causality and existence of solutions of relativistic viscous fluid dynamics with gravity, Phys. Rev. D 98, no. 10, 104064 (2018).
  • G. S. Denicol, X. G. Huang, E. Molnar, G. M. Monteiro, H. Niemi, J. Noronha, D. H. Rischke and Q. Wang, Nonresistive dissipative magnetohydrodynamics from the Boltzmann equation in the 14-moment approximation, Phys. Rev. D 98, no. 7, 076009 (2018).
  • R. Critelli, R. Rougemont and J. Noronha, Holographic Bjorken flow of a hot and dense fluid in the vicinity of a critical point, Phys. Rev. D 99, no. 6, 066004 (2019).
  • G. S. Denicol and J. Noronha, Hydrodynamic attractor and the fate of perturbative expansions in Gubser flow, Phys. Rev. D 99, no. 11, 116004 (2019).
  • F. S. Bemfica, M. M. Disconzi and J. Noronha, Causality of the Einstein- Israel-Stewart Theory with Bulk Viscosity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, no. 22, 221602 (2019).
  • F. S. Bemfica, M. M. Disconzi and J. Noronha, Nonlinear Causality of General First-Order Relativistic Viscous Hydrodynamics, Phys. Rev. D 100, no.10, 104020 (2019).
  • G. S. Denicol and J. Noronha, Exact hydrodynamic attractor of an ultrarelativistic gas of hard spheres, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, no.15, 152301 (2020).
  • V. Dexheimer, J. Noronha, J. Noronha-Hostler, N. Yunes and C. Ratti, Future physics perspectives on the equation of state from heavy ion collisions to neutron stars, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 48, 073001 (2021) - invited topical review.
  • F. S. Bemfica, M. M. Disconzi, V. Hoang, J. Noronha and M. Radosz, Nonlinear Constraints on Relativistic Fluids Far From Equilibrium, Phys. Rev. Lett. 126, 222301 (2021).
  • G. S. Rocha, G. S. Denicol and J. Noronha, Novel Relaxation Time Approximation to the Relativistic Boltzmann Equation, [arXiv:2103.07489 [nucl-th]], accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. Lett.

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What is the true nature of dark matter? What is dark energy? Why is the expansion of the universe accelerating? Why is there way more matter than antimatter in the universe? And is Einstein’s theory of general relativity correct even under the most extreme conditions in the universe?

These big fundamental questions have yet to be answered.

According to Nicolas Yunes, founding director of the new Illinois Center for Advanced Studies of the Universe (ICASU) housed in the Department of Physics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, scientists are making great strides in our understanding of the fundamental nature of our universe by collaborating across scientific disciplines.

“Our scientific understanding of the universe is at a tipping point, thanks to recent observations and to new computational and mathematical models for understanding these observations,” comments Yunes. “The level of complexity, however, is such that a compartmentalized approach to science is useful no longer, and only through collaboration can we shed new light on the nature of the universe.”