Jorge Leite Noronha, Jr

Jorge Leite Noronha, Jr
Jorge Leite Noronha, Jr

Primary Research Area

  • Nuclear Physics
Associate Professor
(217) 244-3541
437B Loomis Laboratory


  • Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics (summa cum laude), Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany, 2007.
  • M.Sc. in Theoretical Physics, Brazilian Center for Physics Research, Brazil, 2004.
  • B.Sc. in Physics (cum laude), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2003.


Professor Jorge Noronha received his bachelors degree in Physics from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil, in 2003. After completing his M.Sc. in 2004 at the Brazilian Center for Physical Research (CBPF), he went on to obtain his Ph.D. in Physics from the Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany, in 2007. His Ph.D. thesis helped determine the properties of the ultradense matter present in the core of neutron stars in the presence of strong magnetic fields. Jorge was a postdoctoral research scientist at Columbia University in New York from 2008-2011 where he focused on the applications of string theory techniques (holographic correspondence) to investigate the dynamical properties of the quark-gluon plasma formed in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions. From 2011-2019 Jorge was a faculty member at the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil, where he developed novel techniques to describe out-of-equilibrium phenomena in relativistic systems under extreme conditions. Jorge joined the Physics Department at UIUC in August 2019.

Academic Positions

  • Associate Director, Illinois Center for Advanced Studies of the Universe (iCASU), 2020 - present.
  • Associate Professor of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Nuclear Theory, 2019-present.
  • Associate Professor of Physics, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, Nuclear Theory, 2017-2019.
  • Assistant Professor of Physics, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, Nuclear Theory, 2011-2016.
  • Postdoctoral Research Scientist, Columbia University, NY, USA, Nuclear Theory, 2008-2011.

Research Statement

My research establishes connections between string theory, relativistic fluid dynamics, and kinetic theory to tackle outstanding problems in high energy nuclear theory that are beyond the reach of current first principles techniques. A prime example of this is the fluid-like behavior displayed by the quark-gluon plasma, an exotic phase of quantum chromodynamics that existed microseconds after the Big Bang in which quarks and gluons were not confined inside protons and neutrons. Tiny specks of this early Universe matter are now being copiously produced in heavy ion collision experiments, which have provided overwhelming evidence that the quark-gluon plasma flows like a nearly frictionless strongly coupled liquid over distance scales not much larger than the size of a proton. This makes the quark-gluon plasma formed in colliders the hottest, smallest, densest, most perfect fluid known to humanity. How such fluid dynamical behavior emerges from the fundamental interactions between quarks and gluons in quantum chromodynamics is one of the open problems that I want to shed light on through my research. I'm also interested in the novel properties displayed by viscous fluids in general relativity and their applications in neutron star mergers and cosmology.

Research Interests

  • Holographic duality and its applications in strongly coupled gauge theories.
  • Relativistic fluid dynamics and kinetic theory.
  • Quantum chromodynamics at finite temperature and density and applications in heavy-ion collisions and neutron star mergers.

Selected Articles in Journals

  • J. Noronha and I. A. Shovkovy, Color-flavor locked superconductor in a magnetic field, Phys. Rev. D 76, 105030 (2007).
  • 69. J. Noronha, M. Gyulassy and G. Torrieri, Di-Jet Conical Correlations Associated with Heavy Quark Jets in anti-de Sitter Space/Conformal Field Theory Correspondence, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 102301 (2009).
  • 67. J. Noronha-Hostler, J. Noronha and C. Greiner, Transport Coefficients of Hadronic Matter near Tc, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 172302 (2009).
  • 64. J. Noronha and A. Dumitru, Thermal Width of the Upsilon Large t'Hooft Coupling, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 152304 (2009).
  • 59. B. Betz, J. Noronha, G. Torrieri, M. Gyulassy, D. H. Rischke, Universal Flow- Driven Conical Emission in Ultrarelativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 222301 (2010).
  • 57. G. S. Denicol, J. Noronha, H. Niemi, D. H. Rischke, Origin of the Relaxation Time in Dissipative Fluid Dynamics, Phys. Rev. D 83, 074019 (2011).
  • J. Noronha-Hostler, G. S. Denicol, J. Noronha, R. P. G. Andrade and F. Grassi, Bulk Viscosity Effects in Event-by-Event Relativistic Hydrodynamics, Phys. Rev. C 88, 044916 (2013).
  • G. S. Denicol, U. W. Heinz, M. Martinez, J. Noronha and M. Strickland, New Exact Solution of the Relativistic Boltzmann Equation and its Hydrodynamic Limit, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, no. 20, 202301 (2014).
  • H. Marrochio, J. Noronha, G. S. Denicol, M. Luzum, S. Jeon and C. Gale, Solutions of Conformal Israel-Stewart Relativistic Viscous Fluid Dynamics, Phys. Rev. C 91, no. 1, 014903 (2015).
  • S. I. Finazzo, R. Rougemont, H. Marrochio and J. Noronha, Hydrodynamic transport coefficients for the non-conformal quark-gluon plasma from holography, JHEP 1502, 051 (2015).
  • R. Rougemont, J. Noronha, and J. Noronha-Hostler, Suppression of baryon diffusion and transport in a baryon rich strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 202301 (2015).
  • D. Bazow, G. S. Denicol, U. Heinz, M. Martinez and J. Noronha, Analytic solution of the Boltzmann equation in an expanding system, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 022301 (2016).
  • 27. R. Rougemont, A. Ficnar, S. Finazzo and J. Noronha, Energy loss, equilibration, and thermodynamics of a baryon rich strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma, JHEP 1604, 102 (2016).
  • 24. J. Noronha-Hostler, B. Betz, J. Noronha and M. Gyulassy, Event-by-event hy- drodynamics + jet energy loss: A solution to the RAA vs. v2 puzzle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, no. 25, 252301 (2016).
  • A. Buchel, M. P. Heller and J. Noronha, Entropy Production, Hydrodynamics, and Resurgence in the Primordial Quark-Gluon Plasma from Holography, Phys. Rev. D 94, no. 10, 106011 (2016).
  • 22. S. I. Finazzo, R. Critelli, R. Rougemont and J. Noronha, Momentum transport in strongly coupled anisotropic plasmas in the presence of strong magnetic fields, Phys. Rev. D 94, no. 5, 054020 (2016).
  • 20. D. Bazow, G. S. Denicol, U. Heinz, M. Martinez and J. Noronha, Nonlinear dynamics from the relativistic Boltzmann equation in the Friedmann- Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker spacetime, Phys. Rev. D 94, no. 12, 125006 (2016).
  • R. Critelli, J. Noronha, J. Noronha-Hostler, I. Portillo, C. Ratti and R. Rougemont, Critical point in the phase diagram of primordial quark-gluon matter from black hole physics, Phys. Rev. D 96 (2017) no.9, 096026.
  • M. Strickland, J. Noronha and G. Denicol, The anisotropic non-equilibrium hydrodynamic attractor, Phys. Rev. D. 97 (2018) no.3, 036020.
  • G. Denicol and J. Noronha Analytical attractor and the divergence of the slow-roll expansion in relativistic hydrodynamics, Phys. Rev. D 97, no. 5, 056021 (2018).
  • F. S. Bemfica, M. M. Disconzi and J. Noronha, Causality and existence of solutions of relativistic viscous fluid dynamics with gravity, Phys. Rev. D 98, no. 10, 104064 (2018).
  • G. S. Denicol, X. G. Huang, E. Molnar, G. M. Monteiro, H. Niemi, J. Noronha, D. H. Rischke and Q. Wang, Nonresistive dissipative magnetohydrodynamics from the Boltzmann equation in the 14-moment approximation, Phys. Rev. D 98, no. 7, 076009 (2018).
  • R. Critelli, R. Rougemont and J. Noronha, Holographic Bjorken flow of a hot and dense fluid in the vicinity of a critical point, Phys. Rev. D 99, no. 6, 066004 (2019).
  • G. S. Denicol and J. Noronha, Hydrodynamic attractor and the fate of perturbative expansions in Gubser flow, Phys. Rev. D 99, no. 11, 116004 (2019).
  • F. S. Bemfica, M. M. Disconzi and J. Noronha, Causality of the Einstein- Israel-Stewart Theory with Bulk Viscosity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, no. 22, 221602 (2019).
  • F. S. Bemfica, M. M. Disconzi and J. Noronha, Nonlinear Causality of General First-Order Relativistic Viscous Hydrodynamics, Phys. Rev. D 100, no.10, 104020 (2019).
  • G. S. Denicol and J. Noronha, Exact hydrodynamic attractor of an ultrarelativistic gas of hard spheres, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, no.15, 152301 (2020).
  • V. Dexheimer, J. Noronha, J. Noronha-Hostler, N. Yunes and C. Ratti, Future physics perspectives on the equation of state from heavy ion collisions to neutron stars, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 48, 073001 (2021) - invited topical review.
  • F. S. Bemfica, M. M. Disconzi, V. Hoang, J. Noronha and M. Radosz, Nonlinear Constraints on Relativistic Fluids Far From Equilibrium, Phys. Rev. Lett. 126, 222301 (2021).
  • G. S. Rocha, G. S. Denicol and J. Noronha, Novel Relaxation Time Approximation to the Relativistic Boltzmann Equation, [arXiv:2103.07489 [nucl-th]], accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. Lett.

Invited Lectures

  • The Heavy Quark Potential at Strong Coupling, plenary talk at XIV International Conference on Strangeness in Quark Matter, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Sept. 2009.
  • Polyakov Loops in Holographic QCD, invited seminar given at the workshop AdS/CFT: Nuclear and Many-body Physics, Princeton Center for Theoretical Sciences, Princeton, NJ, USA, March 2010.
  • The Origin of the Relaxation Time in Relativistic Dissipative Fluid Dynamics, MIT theory seminar, MIT, MA, USA, July 2011.
  • Lectures on the gauge/gravity duality given at the XVII Jorge Andre Swieca Summer School on Particles and Fields, Campos do Jordao, SP, Brazil, Jan. 2013.
  • Analytical (exact) results in relativistic kinetic theory, seminar given at the Symposium on Future LHC and RHIC Physics, CCNU, Wuhan, China, Sept. 2015.
  • Event-by-event hydrodynamics + jet energy loss: A solution to the RAA ×v2 puzzle, invited seminar given at the workshop Ultra-Relativistic Heavy Ionz 2016, CERN, Geneva, July 2016.
  • Emergence of hydrodynamic behavior in rapidly expanding fluids, invited seminar given at the Canterbury Tales of Hot QFT’s in the LHC Era, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, July 2017.
  • The quest for the critical point of the strong force, colloquium given at the University of Houston, TX, USA, Sept. 2017.
  • AdS/CFT and the big questions in heavy ion physics, invited seminar given at the workshop 20 Years Later: The Many Faces of AdS/CFT and Holography, Princeton University, NJ, USA, Oct. 2017.
  • Pushing the boundaries of relativistic fluid dynamics, invited Nuclear and Particle Theory seminar given at the Center for Theoretical Physics of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), MA, USA, Nov. 2017.
  • Unveiling the secrets of nature’s primordial liquid, colloquium given at Columbia University, NY, USA, Jan. 2018.
  • Causality and existence of viscous fluid dynamics in general relativity, invited speaker at the workshop Foundational Aspects of Relativistic Hydrodynamics, ECT* Trento, Italy, May 2018.
  • Collective effects in nuclear collisions: theory overview, plenary talk given at Quark Matter 2018 - XXVII International Conference on Ultra-relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Venice, Italy, May 2018.
  • Pushing the boundaries of fluid dynamics, invited seminar at the Symposium on Contemporary QCD Physics and Relativistic Nuclear Collisions, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China, November 2019.
  • Viscous fluid dynamics in neutron star mergers, invited seminar at the workshop Theoretical Foundations of Relativistic Hydrodynamics, Banff International Research Station for Mathematical Innovation and Discovery (BIRS), Banff, Canada, November 2019.
  • Deconstructing Relativistic Hydrodynamics, invited speaker at the 2020 Fall Meeting of the APS Division of Nuclear Physics (DNP), New Orleans, LA, October 2020 (virtual).
  • Relativistic Fluid Dynamics: From Particle Colliders to Neutron Star Mergers, Physics colloquium at Washington State University, October 2020 (virtual).
  • Deconstructing General-Relativistic Viscous Fluid Dynamics, invited seminar at the workshop Relativistic Fluids at the Intersection of Mathematics and Physics, Mathematical Research Institute of Oberwolfach, Germany, December 2020 (virtual).
  • Deconstructing Relativistic Fluid Dynamics, Theoretical Physics Colloquium at Arizona State University, April 2021 (virtual).


  • Affiliated Member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (2015)
  • Gernot and Frank Carin Prize (2008)

Teaching Honors

  • Best Undergraduate Teacher (Professor Homenageado do Curso de Bacharelado) at the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. (2015)

Recent Courses Taught

  • PHYS 101 - College Physics: Mech & Heat
  • PHYS 504 - Statistical Physics
  • PHYS 580 - Quantum Mechanics I

Semesters Ranked Excellent Teacher by Students

Spring 2021PHYS 504